Nature Print _CMN_EMAIL_ALT
Lesser spotted eagle
Another asset of the Chełm Land is a unique natural environment, the qualities of which are easily seen even in the very city. Chełm, which lies on the edge of Chełm Knolls, a land of rolling hills that were once beautifully forested, attracts to its picturesque views and charming parks. One can see the many majestic and exotic trees situated in the city following a nature route which runs through Chełm. Around the city there are diverse stretches of natural and scenic interest. The river Bug constitutes the Eastern border of the Chełm Land . The Bug valley, abounding in old river beds and meanders is one of the most beautiful areas of the Lublin Region. In the South of the present-day Chełm District there are the Grabowieckie Divides, another system of forested hills with picturesque gorges cutting through them. In the remaining area there are plains scattered with numerous forests, peat-bogs, and marshes with rich fauna and flora. The most valuable areas are under protection as landscape parks and protected landscape areas.

Numerous reserves make it possible to become acquainted with the natural assets of the region. In the close vicinity of the city there are 11 such places. The oldest reserve was created in 1956 on Stawska Hill [Stawska Góra], which is one of the four places in Poland where a relict plant from the aster family, called Carlina onopordifolia, can be found. Most of Chełm reserves are those protecting carbonate peat-bogs [torfowiska węglanowe] ("Bagno Serebryskie", "Brzeźno", "Roskosz"). This peat-bog complex, believed to be the only one of the kind in Europe , occupies an area of over a thousand hectares and protects a natural ecosystem with rich fauna and numerous endangered species of birds and butterflies. Among the most valuable bird species are the extremely rare aquatic warbler, corncrake and marsh-harrier and Montagu's harrier. In the peat-bog reserves also lives the mud turtle. The remaining reserves protect valuable parts of natural forests ("Bachus", "Serniawy", "Liski") as well as hatching places of the lesser spotted eagle ("Siedliszcze") and unique erosion forms ("Żmudź").

Natural assets of Chełm, the value of which is appreciated in academic circles, attract a great number of tourists and are used as part of ecological education for young people. Many tourist paths and viewing points have been created for visitors. The complete educational offer is available at the Museum and Education Centre run by Management Board of the Chełm Lanscape Parks in Brzeźno.


Poleski Park Narodowy
The Poleski National Park
ul. Chełmska 7
22-234 Urszulin
tel: + 48 82 571 30 71, 571 30 72
fax: + 48 82 571 30 03


Chełmski Park Krajobrazowy
Chelm Landscape Parks Authority
Pl. Niepodległości 1
tel. + 48 82 562 75 76


Regionalna Dyrekcja Ochrony Śodowiska w Lublinie
Wydział Spraw Terenowych II w Chełmie
ul. Kamieńskiego 6
tel. + 48 82   560 51 60
fax. + 48 82 560 51 67  


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