History to the 17th century Print _CMN_EMAIL_ALT

The View of the city of Chełm from 1765
Chełm - a borderland city of Eastern and Western Slavdom was in the past a place where many nationalities, religions and cultures coexisted. From the Middle Ages Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Jewish followers lived in Chełm Land. In later centuries the religious and cultural mosaic was supplemented with Protestants and Greek Catholics, the latter being orthodox followers who became united with Rome by the Brest-Litovsk Union. The city resounded with Polish, Russian and Hebrew. In the churches, schools and in the narrow streets of old Chełm the multilingual community led its everyday life. Buildings, customs and a unique atmosphere of the city, at present one of the largest centres of the Lublin Region, are the remains of the colourful history.

The Seal of the City of Chełm from 1686
The beginnings of Chełm date back to the early Middle Ages. In the epoch of the first rulers of the Piast dynasty the region was connected with the Czerwień Strongholds, a territory disputed by Rus and Poland. In the 13th century the city functioned as the main seat of the King of Rus Daniel Romanivich.

After many years of fighting among Lithuania, Hungary and Poland, in 1387 Chełm Land was included into the territory of the Polish state by queen Jadwiga and her husband Wladyslaw II Jagiello granted the city Magdeburg Law in 1392. Chełm was a major centre of the Jagiellonian Poland and in the city there resided Orthodox bishops (from 13th century) and Roman Catholic bishops (from 15th century). After the Brest-Litovsk Union the Orthodox diocese was transformed into a Uniate one which functioned until 1875.

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